Research Blog Posts

Research Blog post 1:

http://www.nyu.edu/life/safety-health-wellness/live-well-nyu/priority-areas/mental-health.html

 

One of my resources that I will use with my article on mental health at GMU will be from NYU’s website on mental health and depression. Some of the references cited on their page for the information were from ACHA(American College Health Organization, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services, National College Health Assessment of Spring 2006, and a few other individual doctors in mental health.  The study is related to my article because the NYU site discusses the psychological services from an outside perspective outside of our own CAPS as well as having statistics from universities that are not too broad and narrow it down to the college students which is what my article is aimed at.  The site has a lot of information on mental health statistics and how reaching out can make a difference.

 

Research Blog post 2:

http://www.who.int/gho/mental_health/en/

Another resource I am using for my research on mental health is the general surrounding factors that circulate the topic.  I intend to use this article to show the mental health statistics of the usa and the overall statistics of suicide, financing in our country for mental health, and available doctors outside CAPS which is important because CAPS promotes seeking help beyond CAPS as well. The information provided is from the WHO(World Health Organization) and the data is pulled from the Global Health Observatory

 

Research Blog post 3:

http://news.psu.edu/story/343727/2015/02/05/research/annual-report-offers-snapshot-us-college-students%E2%80%99-mental-health

On a Penn State website I was able to find a snapshot of the mental health needs that college students are going through.  The website includes statistics on how many students seek counseling, how many are hospitalized, and many more categories as well as showing the leading causes of these actions.   This article tied into my article by showing the mental health at a college level and I can relate this to the works CAPS is doing since the numbers are for all universities as well as some of the information provided being from CAPS themselves. The information provided was from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, Counseling and Psychological Services, and a Student Affairs.

 

Research Blog post 4:

http://college.usatoday.com/2016/01/30/mental-health-by-the-numbers/

This article I found on usatoday is important because it also uses college campuses across the nation for data on mental health.  It presents data and information on the causes of depression and how many students are seeking help.  The article will help me because it connects the mental health to a university level which is what I intend to focus on with my CAPS article.  This article is recent as well which helps with up to date information. It was written by Sarah Sabatke on January 30, 2016.

 

Research Blog post 5:

https://www.csc.edu/bit/resources/statistics/index.csc

My last resource for my individual articles was from Chadron State College that has information on mental health issues on college campuses.  I find this site important because it brings new statistics to importance and it also relates it a lot to students success in school.  It lists nicely each of the concerns and why college students are suffering the most in modern times.   The site will be helpful in diving into the root causes of mental health and allow me to ask questions to the CAPS office here at GMU.   Information was provided from the National Alliance on Mental Illness(NAMI)

 

 

Mental Health at a University Level

Individual Article

Mental health is an issue that is of great concern around the world, but also it is heavily concentrated in the academic environment among students attending universities.  With concerns over mental health of students, the available resources that students can use have become one of the biggest issues for universities to address.  Through research on available resources and statistics we can see that mental health is a growing issue that needs to be addressed to ensure students have the most success in their college courses. I was able to interview Dr.Meehan of GMU’s CAPS department and find out more about what CAPS can offer students as well as figure out what initiatives can be taken to solve the mental health issues student’s face.

 

 

Anxiety, stress, and depression are just a sample of the mental health issues students’ face on a daily basis.  These illness’ not only affect them as people and their everyday lives, but it also has an effect on their grades and academic career. There a key facts to understand with mental health before the problem of mental health can be addressed from NYU’s Psychological center.   22.5% of NYU students reported that anxiety had impacted their academic performance in the past twelve months.   This means that almost one in four students have had their performance in school affected by mental health conflictions. This is a huge number among college students that affects grades and potential future employment from the grades along with other outcomes such as being forced to change majors, dropping out of school, and even forced to leave extra curricular groups.  Another important statistic that pops out to me is that 90% of college university counseling centers reported an increase in psychological problems among their students.  This massive influx of students receiving psychological help requires psychological services to have more staff as well as provide more services to help the students.

George Mason’s Counseling and Psychological Services(CAPS) center provides help to students in many ways to address the rise in mental health problems among the student populations. To combat the psychological war among students, CAPS provides services such as one on one counseling, workshops to help provide techniques to improve mental health, and also psychiatric services. Through these main services CAPS hopes to help the students get a grip on their mental health and take back control of their academic career and stress.

CAPS at GMU is the primary mental health provider for GMU students. There is immediate access to counselors for any stress or health problems on a 24/7 basis. CAPS is able to offer individual counseling, group and meditation workshops, and lastly psychiatric services.  In addition to these services CAPS provides case management services to help students connect on and off campus for help as well as community education and prevention on the subject of suicide.

An interesting statistic is that 75 percent of lifelong mental disorders have first onset in the college years from eighteen to twenty four years of age.  Not only are students suffering with mental health, but unless it is addressed for the future, then these disorders can last a lifetime even though they have spawned from college. Dr.Meehan said that the main causes students come to GMU CAPS is for anxiety and depression with anxiety being the leading cause.  Some interesting statistics show that about 30-35 percent of students seriously considered attempting suicide and about 9-10 percent have actually made an attempt.

20161021_121605
Figure 1: Brochures of different workshops for students

Other important statistics were from Penn State University. They posted an annual report on the mental health conditions of students across the nation.  One out of two students have been to counseling, one out of three have taken medication for mental health, one out of four have self injured themselves, and nearly one in 10 have been hospitalized for psychiatric reasons.  Viewing these numbers show a rise in the students mental health needs at university.  The cause of stress can be related to the school environment and the stress and anxiety it causes on students to get good grades and keep up with their health. I was able to talk to Dr.Meehan about why she believes there is a rise in psychology services in the university setting. She believes the rise in services is from a few aspects.  One of which is that our society is progressing to accept the fact that we need to seek help and people are reducing the stigma around mental health being a bad thing.  She also believes with the change in technology that we have access to it also plays an effect on our minds and is an addition to stress in our daily lives.

CAPS is able to help students in time of acute crisis.  The CAPS center provides permanent solutions to temporary problems of mental health instead of the individual taking drastic measures.  They are also able to provide better academic performance and graduation rates from students participating and learning in workshops and coping mechanisms for stress and anxiety.

An important factor of mental health is maintaining a healthy lifestyle to strive for good health. Creating a balance between school, work, and social life can cause a lot of stress.  An important factor of keeping mental health well is exercising as well as taking breaks away from work and having some relaxation time.  Some students fail to maintain the balance and spiral out of mental health resulting in some of the statistics seen above.  There is a top ten list of causes for students experiencing mental health disorders.  At the top of the list is anxiety and depression.  These are not surprising as we can see from the statistics that students are suffering from depression, suicide, and stress from school. The next three are Relationship problems, stress, and academic performance.  When looking at the top five it is clear to see why students are struggling with mental health and why it has been affecting their grades and overall well being.

 

Another issue CAPS tries to fight off is the stigma that it is bad to seek help for mental illness.  With the suicide rate being the highest cause of death for teens and young adults above all other medical illnesses combined, it is sometimes hard for individuals to step out from the shadows and into the public to get the help they need.  According to American College Health Association in Spring 2015 two-thirds of students who are struggling with mental health do not seek treatment.  By not reaching out for help the struggle will grow and become worse over time leading to suicide and other lifelong mental health conditions.  GMU CAPS offers free and confidential psychology services which is hugely important for those at school who cannot afford to seek help outside of the university.  Dr.Meehan informed me that the time to talk to someone in CAPS that is non emergency is quicker than ever with a reduced time of around two weeks before an appointment to around four days.  With new funding, GMU’s CAPS can now also add new positions and expand their services to students with the help of Student Health Advisory Board, CAPS, Students Heal and Disability, and the Student Advocacy Center. By gathering the input of multiple organizations CAPS can figure out what to change and what to keep in their system.

capsc
Figure 2: Displayed is the entrance to the CAPS office at GMU

Mental health can take away from student’s ability to finish school.  64 percent of young adults who are no longer in college are not attending anymore because of mental health related illness’.  31 percent of college students have felt so depressed in the past year that it was difficult to function and more than 50 percent have felt overwhelming anxiety, making it difficult to succeed in school.  Mental health can cause self harm and can change how a person interacts in the world. It is important to address the mental health issue so that students no longer need to feel pressured from it and can feel safe talking about it.  It is not only important for their personal well being, but it is also important for them to succeed in school.

The demand for mental health services on campus is growing at an alarming rate.  Without the proper treatment students are likely to drop out of school, see a decline in GPA score, and be unemployed after school as compared to those students who do not suffer from mental health conflictions.  Services that CAPS offers to hope to change the mental health realm at GMU are addressing mental health training for students and staff, suicide prevention programs, and walk in student health centers with hotlines to be able to contact in case of emergency.  Some next steps that can be taken to prevent the decline of mental health can be to participate in Mason Cares, which is a suicide prevention gatekeeper training program made to identify when someone needs help and how you can help them.  IT is also important for the stigma to continue to decrease that seeking help for mental health is a problem. It is important for students to reach out and not isolate ourselves with the problem which will then spiral the problem further out of control. By students seeking more help and the CAPS at GMU providing new group workshops and ongoing individual help, we can hope to see a rise in academic performance, graduation rates, and a decline in suicides, and mental health problems that plague students across the nation.

Sources:

Communications, N. W. (n.d.). Mental Health / Depression. Retrieved November 02, 2016, from http://www.nyu.edu/life/safety-health-wellness/live-well-nyu/priority-areas/mental-health.html

College Student Mental Health Statistics – Behavior Intervention Team – Chadron State College. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.csc.edu/bit/resources/statistics/index.csc

 

WHO | World Health Organization. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/gho/mental_health/en/

Mental health on college campuses: A look at the numbers | Campus Life News for College Students | USA TODAY College. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://college.usatoday.com/2016/01/30/mental-health-by-the-numbers/

 

http://ccmh.psu.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/3058/2016/01/2015_CCMH_Report_1-18-2015.pdf

 

Suicide Prevention Exposure, Awareness, and Knowledge Survey (SPEAKS) – Student | HealthData.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from  https://www.healthdata.gov/dataset/suicide-prevention-exposure-awareness-and-knowledge-survey-speaks-student

 

Mental health at university: ‘Students shouldn’t have to suffer like I did’ | Education | The Guardian. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/education/2016/sep/22/mental-health-at-university-students-shouldnt-have-to-suffer-like-i-did

 

Problems the World Faces and How We Address them

With the world becoming more advanced in technology and our reliance on electronics increasing, a shift in how we hold on to our information, monitor our information, and lastly view our world today with current events is constantly changing.  As the world becomes more chaotic the government agencies use our own phones and electronics against us to monitor what we are doing to try and prevent terrorists attacks, or so we are led to believe they are.

 

After watching Citizen Four, a documentary about Edward Snowden, who worked for Booze Allen Hamilton, leaked a top secret files from the NSA that show the agency was actively spying on American citizens on a massive scale. The documentary highlighted many key problems we are facing in the 21st century and post 9/11 era where there is a lack of trust between the government and its people.  Through Snowden’s findings he was able to see how the NSA was tracking and monitoring the civilian populations in the U.S. and abroad into other countries which heavily violates privacy laws. According to the Googlization of us reading, it is evident that information is out there and readily available on us.  Even if Google was to be bought out there is no way for us as users to purge out data from the systems already in place.  It is also visible that the Google privacy policy is lacking the ability to make the information private.  Google then shares this information with subsidiaries, affiliated companies, and other trusted businesses or persons for the purpose of processing personal information and that information is to be used in good faith.  The implications are staggering of what can be done with our information and how it can be used to create advertisements and essentially is being used just for us to see more ads and for markets to target us specifically. By exposing the NSA monitoring we learned that our privacy is not so safe and that whatever we put out there on the internet and electronically it is there forever.

 

With all this data being used another question that comes to mind is if the most efficient and green methods are being applied to store our information in data warehouses.  Most of the data centers use massive amounts of energy and use them in a wasteful manner. The data centers run maximum capacity around the clock no matter the demand thus resulting in a 90 percent or more waste in electricity they pull off the grid.  To prevent a situation of a power failure the centers rely on generators that emit diesel exhaust.  Due to the large amount of data being distributed

With all of the controversy in the world with spying and other scenarios brought to light, games can shed light on these current events. By having games that people can play that simulate and show a somewhat fun side to real life issues there is an awareness that is also brought to them through the games.  The games are simple and can be played on virtually any computer.  The point of the games is to show problems the world faces such as layoffs, terrorism, spying, and many more issues.  The games are fun in a sense, but also at the same time give us a message that displays the issues at hand that the game presents.  The games prove to show an underlying meaning behind some of the biggest controversies we see in today and make the user choose between fates of people and places that has and does occur in the real world essentially.

All these issues we see today can be put into a game that can then be turned into a fun interactive experience to teach those who may not have a fundamental understanding of controversies in today’s time then get a better one.  By allowing people to play games that simulate real problems like climate change and government oppressions, the sky is the limit for how many games can be created for each issue presented in the real world.

 

Siva Vaidhyanathan (2011) The Googlization of Everything (And why we should worry)  Retrieved from  https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4_F8lxpywuFNHlFdUZycEx3cjQ/view

Glanz, J. (2012). Power, Pollution and the Internet. Retrieved November 15, 2016, from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/23/technology/data-centers-waste-vast-amounts-of-energy-belying-industry-image.html

Bogost, Ian   Ferrari, Simon  Schweizer Bobby (2010) Retrieved from https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4_F8lxpywuFbFkzR09jWkpjdTg/view

 

Research Blog Posts

Research Blog post 1:

http://www.nyu.edu/life/safety-health-wellness/live-well-nyu/priority-areas/mental-health.html

 

One of my resources that I will use with my article on mental health at GMU will be from NYU’s website on mental health and depression. Some of the references cited on their page for the information were from ACHA(American College Health Organization, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services, National College Health Assessment of Spring 2006, and a few other individual doctors in mental health.  The study is related to my article because the NYU site discusses the psychological services from an outside perspective outside of our own CAPS as well as having statistics from universities that are not too broad and narrow it down to the college students which is what my article is aimed at.  The site has a lot of information on mental health statistics and how reaching out can make a difference. The NYU site offers me data on college students which will help me do research in relation to my article on the specifics of mental health in a college setting.

 

Research Blog post 2:

http://www.who.int/gho/mental_health/en/

Another resource I am using for my research on mental health is the general surrounding factors that circulate the topic.  I intend to use this article to show the mental health statistics of the usa and the overall statistics of suicide, financing in our country for mental health, and available doctors outside CAPS which is important because CAPS promotes seeking help beyond CAPS as well. The information provided is from the WHO(World Health Organization) and the data is pulled from the Global Health Observatory.  By using the information from the WHO I am able to gain a different perspective and more broad statistics across the entire USA.  I am also able to look up financial obligations and problems students may face outside of CAPS.  The goal is for me to use the WHO as overall data and then use my other sources to focus the data and make sense of it and in addition give a different perspective of the mental health issue.

 

Research Blog post 3:

http://news.psu.edu/story/343727/2015/02/05/research/annual-report-offers-snapshot-us-college-students%E2%80%99-mental-health

On a Penn State website I was able to find a snapshot of the mental health needs that college students are going through.  The website includes statistics on how many students seek counseling, how many are hospitalized, and many more categories as well as showing the leading causes of these actions.   This article tied into my article by showing the mental health at a college level and I can relate this to the works CAPS is doing since the numbers are for all universities as well as some of the information provided being from CAPS themselves. The information provided was from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, Counseling and Psychological Services, and a Student Affairs.  The Penn state website can help me find information on mental health I may not find elsewhere as well as enable me  to compare their findings with the findings at other schools in different categories of mental health.

 

Research Blog post 4:

http://college.usatoday.com/2016/01/30/mental-health-by-the-numbers/

This article I found on usatoday is important because it also uses college campuses across the nation for data on mental health.  It presents data and information on the causes of depression and how many students are seeking help.  The article will help me because it connects the mental health to a university level which is what I intend to focus on with my CAPS article.  This article is recent as well which helps with up to date information. It was written by Sarah Sabatke on January 30, 2016. By showing statistics of mental health across college campuses I able to use this towards my interview with CAPS and ask questions regarding how they approach certain statistics and intend to fix them. By using college statistics I am able to refer these numbers to CAPS and see if they have any other specific data from just our university that can help my understanding of the mental health issue college students are facing in America.

 

Research Blog post 5:

https://www.csc.edu/bit/resources/statistics/index.csc

My last resource for my individual articles was from Chadron State College that has information on mental health issues on college campuses.  I find this site important because it brings new statistics to importance and it also relates it a lot to students success in school.  It lists nicely each of the concerns and why college students are suffering the most in modern times.   The site will be helpful in diving into the root causes of mental health and allow me to ask questions to the CAPS office here at GMU.   Information was provided from the National Alliance on Mental Illness(NAMI).   It was important for me to gather information from universities such as Chadron to gain an understanding of the problem on a college level and use this information for my CAPS research.  The data ties directly into my article because it is dealing with mental health on a university setting.

 

 

Free Labour and Citizen Journalists Conflicts

Reading Response 2:

 

With the expansion of cameras and social media, reporting on live events in your area has never been easier, but with lots of work there can sometimes be disputes between paid and unpaid labour.  Questions surrounding the definition of labour and what defines the “free” aspect and what line can be drawn between doing a hobby and doing something you wish to earn money off of.  The importance of context of photographs and how they portray events is also important in understanding the world around us.

The first reading to look into was the “Visual truths of citizen reportage: four research problematics”.  The reading depicts how news ever since 2004 and the South Asian tsunami of December 2004, citizen journalism gained its reputation in the news. With a lack of correspondents on the ground, news outlets relied heavily on citizen journalists. The notion that anyone with a smart phone can be a citizen journalists by capturing and spreading their media has become popular.  It offers news outlets an alternative from sending their own staff to the locations when they can just pull pictures from twitter and other social media for a more cost effective story. The article also elaborates that even when we see imagery from across the world of tragedies and other various disasters we lack the empathy and are only viewing a two minute video of a disaster.   It does not allow us to connect with the other people across the world just through photographs or videos and makes it hard to relate to and almost makes it seem as though its not real when in our real time we are on a laptop viewing a disaster that costed lives. I found it interesting in the article how it pulls recent examples such as Ferguson and ISIS videos that show only a sample size of what is really happening. I learned that with new technology our ability to spread news of live events that happened is becoming easier and easier, but at the cost of lacking empathy for those involved.  The readings relate to free labour and how the people making the videos are not getting paid to make them or submit their footage usually. The article also reaches back to our discussions in week 3 on citizen journalism.

My second reading to discuss was the “iReporting” an Uprising: CNN and Citizen journalism in Network Culture.  As discussed previously with the growth in technology and ability for nearly everyone to take videos and pictures as they please with better quality, bigger news outlets incorporate the citizen journalism aspect more and more.  With this growth it spawned the iReport on CNN. The article emphasizes how CNN now essentially relies on unpaid labour when covering events especially in different countries where they cannot send their own staff to report on.  iReport is an important that demonstrates the possibilities of citizen journalists and the ability to extract information from people without paying them or paying staff to report on that situation at said time in a location. The example used in the article was the Iranian protest and the tracking of phones by Nokia, who proudly stood by the fact they provided the phones, but vanished when approached with the tracking issue. I learned that in an attempt to map the world using citizen journalists it comes at a cost.  Corruption was rampant in the case of Nokia with iReporters not being able to report on the Nokia Siemans scandal.

The last reading I will dive into is the Weblog Ethics. Ethics plays an important role in our everyday lives in our decision making and our influence to others.  Blogs revolve around ethics because of the personal touch to them and it is important to stay ethically and morally correct when producing a blog. The blog discusses different methods for producing a well thought out and accurate blog.  It discusses that if there is speculation on a subject matter it is important to say so and not let the reader assume its fact.  It is also important to link and cite your sources online to give credit when it is due. A disagreement that stuck out to me was how some bloggers see themselves as exempt from stating what is opinion and getting fact checked, but the author encourages us to get our facts straight and cite sources.  I also found it important that on a blog she mentions using not questionable or biased sources. This is important to keep your blog neutral and open for discussion and thought rather than being one sided and not accepting the other view. I learned it is important to remain unbiased, cite sources, state what is speculation with yourself and what is fact, and lastly finalize each entry before submission and do not delete or rewrite over any. The readings relate directly to our understanding of citizen journalism and reporting on our own stories as well as us starting our own blogs and making posts.  It is important to follow these guidelines to have a successful and fair blog.

Technologies forever change our experience in gathering the news.  With new ways of gathering the news comes new ways of reporting on it with smart phones and personal sites/blogs. Labour is an important topic more than ever with the concern people are doing the same work as some reporters, but getting paid nothing for it.  Major news companies are taking advantage of this and rely heavily upon citizen journalists of other countries for situations in which they cannot get feet on the ground from cost expense. Discussions will ensue in determining what defines the free labour section and how citizen journalists can get credit for their work.

 

 

Rebecca’s pocket. Retrieved October 17, 2016, from http://www.rebeccablood.net/handbook/excerpts/weblog_ethics.html

 

Lindsay Palmer.(2012) “iReporting an Uprising: CNN and Citizen Journalism in Network
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4_F8lxpywuFZ0M3V1FLcU9IMHM/view

 

Stuart Allan and Chris Peters(2015) (“Visual Truths of Citizen Reportage: Four Research Problematics”
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4_F8lxpywuFQjNBRi1fSXNpTFk/view

 

Our ability to understand and use technology

Reading Response 1:

 

In the 21st century as we progress further and further with technology, it is the underlying assumption that those brought up in this era will automatically be graced with the ability to understand and use technology at east compared to the older generations and non millenials. With the rapid growth of our technology it also allows for participation in politics through social mediums and other news outlets and websites. Having cameras on smart phones and being able to access the internet from anywhere increases the expectation of knowledge for technology as well as our ability to update the world in real time.

One of the readings I wanted to analyze was our Digital Natives reading.  This reading stuck out to me because of the underlying problem today’s society with who is considered a digital native and what skills are required at certain ages with technology as well as what exactly is expected technological knowledge growing up.  During this reading it interests me that there is an underlying assumption that all of millennial’s growing up are supposed to know how technology works since we are immersed in it all the time.  Why though, are we as a generation required to know how to use technology just because we are surrounded by it?  With this concept and notion applied it seems we are meant to know a lot more than we do based on being in the world we are in.  It helps us to be surrounded by technology and it does improve our understanding of technology on small levels, but being a digital native requires more than just basic understanding of technology.  In the reading I made a note that for us to gain a perspective on technology or any concept and subject in life we must study it and take time to further our knowledge.  There is no way of understanding technology and how it works at intermediate to high levels just by being around it.   Not everyone is also exposed to technology unless they are at school or using a friends electronic device.  Just because someone lives in the age of technology it does not mean everyone has equal and fair access to a computer or a smart phone.  It is an underlying assumption with digital nativism that just because you are brought up in the age of technology you are then presumed to be familiar with computers and the internet when that is not the case.  Within each generation there are people very familiar with technology, not very familiar with it, and those who have limited access and therefore have limited understanding of it. The reading helped me understand what defines a digital native because I had not heard that word used before this class.   The reading also helped me shed light on the ongoing assumption in today’s society that because we are young and growing up in the 21st century we are therefore expected to know the ins and outs of computer and technology as a whole.

The second analysis I have is our readings on amateur journalism and citizen journalism during week 3.  Citizen journalism has become more and more prevalent in today’s society because of our evolution of technology and with the population having a camera for video and pictures on their smart phones it makes reporting stories and events live easy for anyone to do.  Citizen journalism receives a lot of negative feedback because of the many biases it poses.  Each news outlet has their own agenda and biases in their own way, but at the same time as individuals we also develop our own bias of what is happening in the world and thus when reporting on events in citizen journalism it can result in the skewing of information and resulting in one sided arguments for or against an issue.  The reading helped me better understand the problems and advantages of citizen journalism and why we should be cautious when reading about or watching citizen journalists because of perhaps a lack of sources and credibility.  It was also interesting to learn how mass media incorporated elements of citizen journalism into their program and even give awards and recognition for the journalists.

With the expansion of the internet and technology it raises expectations every year.  Each year younger generations are expected to know and learn as much as the one before them and kids at a younger age are being exposed to electronics helping them understand how they work making them digital natives.  It is important to continue to learn and read about technology because it is changing rapidly in front of us making no one a digital native unless they take time to learn the technology.  It is also important of us when using these technologies to be careful what we see on the internet. Whether it be click bait or from citizen journalists we need to verify credibility and sources first and foremost.

 

Lemann, N. (2006). Amateur Hour. Retrieved September 28, 2016, from http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2006/08/07/amateur-hour-4

Danah, B. (2014). It’s Complicated. The social lives of networked teens. Retrieved fromhttps://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4_F8lxpywuFcVZrbGc3S0Fka28/view

Gillmor, Dan. We the Media: Grassroots Journalism by the People, For the People. Sebastopol: O’Reilly Media., 2006. Print.